Future Perfect Progressive ~Meaning and Use

future-perfect-cont GraphicThis post will show you how to use the Future Perfect Progressive, also called the Future Perfect Continuous. To see how to form the Future Perfect Progressive, click here.

The Future Perfect Progressive tense is not very common and it’s a bit difficult to make. However, at higher levels it is great to understand it, and maybe even use it sometimes too. It has a very precise meaning, which can be convenient.

We use the Future Perfect Progressive to talk about an ongoing action that takes place before a certain time in the future, or to emphasize a course of action. We often use the Future Perfect Progressive to round up to an even number. We like whole, round numbers and this tense allows us to use those numbers.

A future time expression is usually stated or implied, often with by. This can go at the beginning or end of the sentence with no difference in meaning.

  • By the year 2020, linguists will have been studying Indo-European languages for 200 years. (This is easier than saying that now, in 2015, linguists have been studying Indo-European languages for 195 years. It’s easier to just round up to 200)
  • We will have been driving for six hours by the time we get home.
  • By next March, I will have been teaching here for three years.
  • By the end of this month, we will have been living together for six months.

Future Perfect Progressive ~ Verb Form

This post will show you how to form the Future Perfect Progressive. To see how to use the Future Perfect Progressive, click here.

 

Affirmative Statements

Subject + Will Have Already Been Verb + ing Future Time Expression
I’ll have already been waiting for an hour by the time they arrive.
You’ll have been working for hours when she starts.
She’ll/He’ll/It’ll have been traveling for three months
We’ll have already been studying for hours by dinner time.
They’ll/You’ll (plural) have already been driving by next June.

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Negative Statements

Future Time Expression Subject Still Will Not (won’t) Have Been Verb + ing
By the time I am 30, I   won’t have been working here for ten years.
When I get home, you   won’t have been studying for too long.
In five years’ time she/he/it still won’t have been doing anything with her life.
By 4:00 am, we still won’t have been sleeping.
By next June, they/you (plural) won’t have been traveling anymore.
     

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Wh- Questions

Wh- word Will Subject Have Been Verb + ing Future Time Expression
What will I have been doing by the time I turn 40?
Who will you have been waiting for?
Where will she/he/it have been living by next year?
Why will you have been sleeping all day?
How will we have been surviving for so long?

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Yes/No Questions

Will Subject Have Been Verb + ing Future Time Expression
Will I have been working for hours by the time she gets home?
Will you have been speaking English for a long time before you move to Melbourne?
Will she/he/it have been traveling for a long time when you come back?
Will we have been everything before we leave?
Will they/you (plural) have been exercising all day?

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Short Answers

Yes Subject Will Have   No Subject Will Not (Won’t) Have
Yes, I will have.   No, I won’t have.
Yes, you will have.   No, you won’t have.
Yes, she/he/it will have.   No, he won’t have.
Yes, we will have.   No, we won’t have.
Yes, they will have.   No, they’re not. won’t have.

 

Future Perfect – Verb Form

This post will show you how to form the Future Perfect. To see how to use the Future Perfect, click here.

 

Affirmative Statements

Subject Will/Be Going To Have Already Past Participle Future Time Expression
I will/am going to have had two children by the time I am 30.
You will/are going to have already made dinner when I get home.
She/He/It will/is going to have seen most of Asia in five years’ time.
We will/are going to have already finished our homework by dinner time.
They/You (plural) will/are going to have saved enough money for a new car by next June.

 

 

Negative Statements

We don’t usually contract will not to won’t, you should use the full form with this verb tense.

Future Time Expression Subject Still Will Not/Be Not Going To Have Past Participle
By the time I am 30, I   will not/am not going to have had any children.
When I get home, you   will not/are not going to have made dinner.
In five years’ time she/he/it still will not/is not going to have seen most of Asia
By dinner time, we still will not/are not going to have finished our homework.
By next June, they/you (plural) will not/are not going to have saved enough money for a new car.
     

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Information Questions

Wh- word Will Subject Have Past Participle Future Time Expression
What will I have accomplished in three years’ time?
Who will you have worked with?
Where will she/he/it have traveled by next year?
When will we have talked?
How will we have done

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Yes/No Questions

Will Subject Have Past Participle Future Time Expression
Will I have done my homework by the time he comes?
Will you have perfected your English by the time you return from Vancouver?
Will she/he/it have bought a new house in five years’ time?
Will we have seen everything before we leave?

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Short Answers

Yes Subject Will Have No Subject Will Not (Won’t) Have
Yes, I will have. No, I won’t have.
Yes, you will have. No, you won’t have.
Yes, she/he/it will have. No, he won’t have.
Yes, we will have. No, we won’t have.
Yes, they will have. No, they won’t have.

 

Present Perfect Progressive – Verb Meaning and Use

present-perfect-cont GraphcThis post will show you how to use the Present Perfect Progressive. To see how to form the Present Perfect Progressive, click here.

The Present Perfect Progressive, also called the Present Perfect Continuous, is used with continuing activities. We often use since and for with this verb tense.

  • My English has been improving lately.
  • have been living in Vancouver for six months.
  • They have been studying English since January.
  • It has been raining since Monday.
  • She has not (hasn’tbeen exercising since she hurt her back.
  • How long have you been going to the new Conversation Club for?
  • Who have you been talking to for hours?

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The Present Perfect Progressive is also used for activities that were in progress, but have just ended.

  • It’s finally done! I’ve been writing this essay all month!
  • He has been working all day so he is very tired.
  • You have been sleeping for ten hours!

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We also use the Present Perfect Progressive to make excuses with an apology.

  • I’m sorry I haven’t called you, I haven’t been feeling well lately.
  • I’m sorry I didn’t go grocery shopping, I have been working too much these days.

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Some common verbs can be used in the Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Progressive with no difference in meaning. Some of these verbs are live, teach, wear, work, study, stay, and feel.

  • Mr. Rodriguez has lived here since 2010.
  • Mr. Rodriguez has been living here for three years.
  • He has taught Spanish for a long time.
  • He has been teaching Spanish for a long time.
  • He has worn the same jacket for years.
  • He has been wearing the same jacket for years.

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Sometimes, using the Progressive tense can show a more intense feeling.

  • I’ve waited for an hour.
  • I’ve been waiting for an hour. (I am very annoyed)
  •  I’ve thought about this for days.
  • I’ve been thinking about this for days. (I can’t stop thinking about it)

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While the Present Perfect can express a completed activity that may or may not have been recent, the Present Perfect Progressive shows that an activity is continuing up to the present time, or was very recently completed.

  • I’ve read a book about psychology. (I finished it at some indefinite time in the past)
  • I’ve been reading a book about psychology. (I’m not finished. Or I’ve just finished it)

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Usually, we do not use the Present Perfect Continuous when we say how many times an activity has been repeated.

✔ I’ve watered the garden three times.

✘ I’ve been watering the garden three times.

Present Perfect Progressive – Verb Forms

This post will show you how to form the Present Perfect Progressive. To see how to use the Present Perfect Progressive, click here.

With the Present Perfect Progressive, also called the Present Perfect Continuous, there are  are two auxiliary verbs “have” or “has”, and “been” plus the main verb in its  “-ing” form.

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Affirmative Statements

Subject Have/Has Been Verb+ing
I have been studying all week.
You have been sitting at the back of the class.
She/He/It has been exercising at the gym.
We have been trying to call the doctor
They/You (plural) have been reading that book too.
     

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Negative Statements

Subject Have/Has Not Been Verb-ing
I have not been studying very hard.
You have not been playing soccer these days.
She/He/It has not been raining all day.
We have not been experiencing any problems.
They/You (plural) have not been eating at home lately.

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Yes/No questions

Have/Has Subject Been Verb-ing
Have I been working for an hour already?
Have you been waiting long?
Has she/he/it been getting enough sleep?
Have we been driving in the wrong direction?
Have they/you (plural) been lying to us all this time?

Short Answers

Yes Subject + Be
Yes, I am.
Yes, you are.
Yes, he/she/it is.
Yes, we are.
Yes, they/you (plural) are.
No Subject + Be + Not
No, I’m not.
No, you’re not.
No, he/she/it isn’t.
No, we aren’t.
No, they/you (plural) aren’t.

We do not use contractions with short affirmative answers.

✔ Yes, I am.

✘ Yes, I’m

✔ Yes, you are.

✘ Yes, you’re.

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Information questions

Wh-Word Have/Has Subject Been Verb-ing
What have I been waiting for?
Who have you been talking to?
Where has she been going after school?
Why have we been skipping school?
How have they been doing?