Future Progressive ~Meaning and Use

future_continuousThis post will show you how to use the Future Progressive, also called the Future Continuous. To see how to form the Future Progressive, click here.

The Future Progressive puts the emphasis on the course of an action taking place in the future at a specific time.

I will be studying later so I can’t go out.

You will be sleeping at midnight.

He will be making dinner when you get home tonight.

She won’t be speaking at the conference next Monday.

It won’t be raining tomorrow.

Next fall, we will be enjoying the vegetables we planted in the spring.

They will be living in Santiago next year.

Will they be showing the movie we want to see tonight?

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Future Progressive ~Verb Form

This post will show you how to form the Future Progressive, also called the Future Continuous. To see how to use the Future Progressive, click here.

Subject Will Be Verb + ing
I will be working all day tomorrow.
You will be living in Dublin next month!
He/she/it will be studying hard all week.
We will be doing a lot of research tomorrow.
They/you (plural) will be traveling to all seven continents over the next two years.

Negative

Subject Won’t Be Verb + ing
I won’t be traveling to France next year.
You won’t be laughing if that happens!
He/she/it won’t be doing anything all day tomorrow.
We won’t be presenting to the board next month.
They/you (plural) won’t be advertising in India next quarter.

Yes/No Questions

Will Subject Be Verb + ing
Will I be walking all day on the hike?
Will you be traveling in Argentina next month?
Will he/she/it be snowing all week?
Will we be spending too much money if we buy that TV?
Will they/you (plural) be playing that movie that we want to see?

Short Answers

Yes, Subject + Will + (Be)
Yes, I will (be).
Yes, you will (be).
Yes, he/she/it will (be).
Yes, we will (be).
Yes, they/you (plural) will (be).

Short Answers

No Subject + Won’t (+be)
No, I won’t (be)
No, you won’t (be)
No, he/she/it won’t (be)
No, we won’t (be)
No, they/you (plural) won’t (be)

Information Questions

Wh- Word Have/Has Subject Past Participle
Who has she talked to about the problem?
What have we done to the Earth?
When has she learned from her mistake?
Where have you been all my life?
How have I grown professionally?
How long have they been together?
Why has it taken so long?
Wh- Word (subject) Will Be Subject Verb + ing
Who will be hosting the party?
What will be happening when we arrive?

Future Perfect Progressive ~Meaning and Use

future-perfect-cont GraphicThis post will show you how to use the Future Perfect Progressive, also called the Future Perfect Continuous. To see how to form the Future Perfect Progressive, click here.

The Future Perfect Progressive tense is not very common and it’s a bit difficult to make. However, at higher levels it is great to understand it, and maybe even use it sometimes too. It has a very precise meaning, which can be convenient.

We use the Future Perfect Progressive to talk about an ongoing action that takes place before a certain time in the future, or to emphasize a course of action. We often use the Future Perfect Progressive to round up to an even number. We like whole, round numbers and this tense allows us to use those numbers.

A future time expression is usually stated or implied, often with by. This can go at the beginning or end of the sentence with no difference in meaning.

  • By the year 2020, linguists will have been studying Indo-European languages for 200 years. (This is easier than saying that now, in 2015, linguists have been studying Indo-European languages for 195 years. It’s easier to just round up to 200)
  • We will have been driving for six hours by the time we get home.
  • By next March, I will have been teaching here for three years.
  • By the end of this month, we will have been living together for six months.

Future Perfect Progressive ~ Verb Form

This post will show you how to form the Future Perfect Progressive. To see how to use the Future Perfect Progressive, click here.

 

Affirmative Statements

Subject + Will Have Already Been Verb + ing Future Time Expression
I’ll have already been waiting for an hour by the time they arrive.
You’ll have been working for hours when she starts.
She’ll/He’ll/It’ll have been traveling for three months
We’ll have already been studying for hours by dinner time.
They’ll/You’ll (plural) have already been driving by next June.

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Negative Statements

Future Time Expression Subject Still Will Not (won’t) Have Been Verb + ing
By the time I am 30, I   won’t have been working here for ten years.
When I get home, you   won’t have been studying for too long.
In five years’ time she/he/it still won’t have been doing anything with her life.
By 4:00 am, we still won’t have been sleeping.
By next June, they/you (plural) won’t have been traveling anymore.
     

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Wh- Questions

Wh- word Will Subject Have Been Verb + ing Future Time Expression
What will I have been doing by the time I turn 40?
Who will you have been waiting for?
Where will she/he/it have been living by next year?
Why will you have been sleeping all day?
How will we have been surviving for so long?

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Yes/No Questions

Will Subject Have Been Verb + ing Future Time Expression
Will I have been working for hours by the time she gets home?
Will you have been speaking English for a long time before you move to Melbourne?
Will she/he/it have been traveling for a long time when you come back?
Will we have been everything before we leave?
Will they/you (plural) have been exercising all day?

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Short Answers

Yes Subject Will Have   No Subject Will Not (Won’t) Have
Yes, I will have.   No, I won’t have.
Yes, you will have.   No, you won’t have.
Yes, she/he/it will have.   No, he won’t have.
Yes, we will have.   No, we won’t have.
Yes, they will have.   No, they’re not. won’t have.

 

Future Perfect – Verb Form

This post will show you how to form the Future Perfect. To see how to use the Future Perfect, click here.

 

Affirmative Statements

Subject Will/Be Going To Have Already Past Participle Future Time Expression
I will/am going to have had two children by the time I am 30.
You will/are going to have already made dinner when I get home.
She/He/It will/is going to have seen most of Asia in five years’ time.
We will/are going to have already finished our homework by dinner time.
They/You (plural) will/are going to have saved enough money for a new car by next June.

 

 

Negative Statements

We don’t usually contract will not to won’t, you should use the full form with this verb tense.

Future Time Expression Subject Still Will Not/Be Not Going To Have Past Participle
By the time I am 30, I   will not/am not going to have had any children.
When I get home, you   will not/are not going to have made dinner.
In five years’ time she/he/it still will not/is not going to have seen most of Asia
By dinner time, we still will not/are not going to have finished our homework.
By next June, they/you (plural) will not/are not going to have saved enough money for a new car.
     

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Information Questions

Wh- word Will Subject Have Past Participle Future Time Expression
What will I have accomplished in three years’ time?
Who will you have worked with?
Where will she/he/it have traveled by next year?
When will we have talked?
How will we have done

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Yes/No Questions

Will Subject Have Past Participle Future Time Expression
Will I have done my homework by the time he comes?
Will you have perfected your English by the time you return from Vancouver?
Will she/he/it have bought a new house in five years’ time?
Will we have seen everything before we leave?

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Short Answers

Yes Subject Will Have No Subject Will Not (Won’t) Have
Yes, I will have. No, I won’t have.
Yes, you will have. No, you won’t have.
Yes, she/he/it will have. No, he won’t have.
Yes, we will have. No, we won’t have.
Yes, they will have. No, they won’t have.