All Twelve English Verb Tenses

Here is an overview of all 12 English verb tenses, their forms, and how to use them.

FORM: MEANING AND USE:
Present Simple ~Verb Form Present Simple ~Verb Use
Present Progressive ~Verb Form Present Progressive ~Verb Use
Present Perfect Progressive ~Verb Form Present Perfect Progressive ~Verb Use
Past Simple ~Verb Form Past Simple ~Verb Use
Past Progressive ~Verb Form Past Progressive ~Verb Use
Past Perfect ~Verb Form Past Perfect ~Verb Use
Past Perfect Progressive ~Verb Form Past Perfect Progressive ~Verb Use
Future Simple ~Verb Form Future Simple ~Verb Use
Future Progressive ~Verb Form Future Progressive ~Verb Use
Future Perfect~Verb Form Future Perfect ~Verb Use
Future Perfect Progressive ~Verb Form Future Perfect Progressive ~Verb Use

 

Future Perfect – Verb Form

This post will show you how to form the Future Perfect. To see how to use the Future Perfect, click here.

 

Affirmative Statements

Subject Will/Be Going To Have Already Past Participle Future Time Expression
I will/am going to have had two children by the time I am 30.
You will/are going to have already made dinner when I get home.
She/He/It will/is going to have seen most of Asia in five years’ time.
We will/are going to have already finished our homework by dinner time.
They/You (plural) will/are going to have saved enough money for a new car by next June.

 

 

Negative Statements

We don’t usually contract will not to won’t, you should use the full form with this verb tense.

Future Time Expression Subject Still Will Not/Be Not Going To Have Past Participle
By the time I am 30, I   will not/am not going to have had any children.
When I get home, you   will not/are not going to have made dinner.
In five years’ time she/he/it still will not/is not going to have seen most of Asia
By dinner time, we still will not/are not going to have finished our homework.
By next June, they/you (plural) will not/are not going to have saved enough money for a new car.
     

.

Information Questions

Wh- word Will Subject Have Past Participle Future Time Expression
What will I have accomplished in three years’ time?
Who will you have worked with?
Where will she/he/it have traveled by next year?
When will we have talked?
How will we have done

.

Yes/No Questions

Will Subject Have Past Participle Future Time Expression
Will I have done my homework by the time he comes?
Will you have perfected your English by the time you return from Vancouver?
Will she/he/it have bought a new house in five years’ time?
Will we have seen everything before we leave?

.

Short Answers

Yes Subject Will Have No Subject Will Not (Won’t) Have
Yes, I will have. No, I won’t have.
Yes, you will have. No, you won’t have.
Yes, she/he/it will have. No, he won’t have.
Yes, we will have. No, we won’t have.
Yes, they will have. No, they won’t have.

 

Future Perfect – Meaning and Use

future_perfect GraphicThis post will show you how to use the Future Perfect. To see how to form the Future Perfect, click here.

We use Will or Be Going To to talk about an event that will be completed some time in the future.

A future time expression is usually stated or implied, often with by, and it can go at the beginning or end of the sentence with no difference in meaning.

 

The Future Perfect with will:

  • I will have studied hard for the test.
  • He’s going to have done the dishes by the time we finish eating.
  • Why won’t she have finished the project by next week?
  • In ten years, robots will have become more common.
  • After a few years in Europe, she will have tried many different foods.
  • Will he have learned enough Italian before he moves to Italy?

 

The Future Perfect with be going to:

  • I am going to have studied hard for the test.
  • By the time we finish eating, he’s going to have done the dishes.
  • Why will she have gotten paid earlier than usual?
  • By next March, it isn’t going to have warmed up
  • Is he going to have bought a new car by the time he graduates?
  • She is going to have had that book past its due date if she doesn’t return it tomorrow.